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Fraud, Bribery and Corruption Policy

BioSpectrum Ltd’s Anti-Fraud, Bribery and Corruption Policy is designed to promote an anti-fraud culture and consistent organisational behaviour across the company when dealing with cases of suspected fraud, bribery or corruption. It sets out responsibilities for fraud prevention and detection and provides clear guidelines and procedures for reporting cases of suspected fraud and corruption and for the conduct of investigations.






The Fraud Act 2006 established three main offences of fraud, all of which carry a maximum sentence of 10 years and/or an unlimited fine. The offences are:


  1. fraud by false representation

  2. fraud by failing to disclose information or

  3. fraud by abuse of position.


The following actions are among those which fall within the definition of fraud:


  1. theft of company property, including information

  2. misappropriation or use of company assets for personal gain

  3. false accounting – dishonestly destroying, defacing, concealing or falsifying any account, record or document required for any accounting purpose

  4. forgery or alteration of company documents

  5. wilful destruction or removal of company records

  6. any computer- related activity involving the alteration, destruction, forgery or manipulation of data for fraudulent purposes or misappropriation of BioSpectrum Ltd - owned software

  7. falsification of travel and subsistence claims

  8. knowingly generating or paying false claims or invoices

  9. unauthorised disclosure of confidential information to third parties e.g. confidential details of current business activities or of bids or activities that the company is contemplating.




Bribery is the offer, promise, giving, demanding or acceptance of an advantage as an inducement for action which is illegal, unethical or a breach of trust.


Bribes can take many different forms, but typically they involve corrupt intent. A bribe could be:


  1. the direct or indirect promise of anything of value

  2. the offer of a fee, reward or other advantage

  3. the giving of a donation.




Corruption is the misuse of power for private gain.


The Bribery Act 2010 makes bribery and corruption a criminal offence and holds companies liable for failing to prevent acts of bribery or corruption by those working for or on its behalf, no matter where the act takes place.

Policy Scope

This policy applies to all BioSpectrum’s directors and staff, whether permanent, fixed term, or temporary and to any consultants and sub-contractors working on BioSpectrum’s behalf.


Policy Statement


BioSpectrum Ltd expects high standards of conduct and probity from all of its directors and staff and requires them at all times to act honestly, with integrity and to safeguard the resources for which they are responsible. The company also expects its suppliers, delivery partners and sub-contractors to maintain the same high standards of conduct and probity.


BioSpectrum Ltd is committed to developing an anti-fraud culture and actively seeks to deter and prevent fraud and corruption by ensuring that risks are identified and managed effectively. The company will not accept any level of fraud, bribery or corruption and will investigate thoroughly all suspected cases. Staff involved in an impropriety of any kind will be subject to the company’s disciplinary procedures and legal action will be taken where appropriate.


To ensure that this policy is implemented effectively, BioSpectrum Ltd will:


  1. identify and include fraud and corruption risks within its risk management processes

  2. develop and maintain appropriate control systems to reduce the risk of fraud and corruption

  3. encourage a culture of prevention and deterrence

  4. ensure that responsibilities are clearly defined and communicated at all levels

  5. encourage staff and others to be vigilant and report any genuine suspicions of fraudulent activity (see BioSpectrum’s Confidential Disclosure (‘Whistleblowing’) Policy)

  6. ensure that if a fraud occurs, a prompt and thorough investigation takes place, without regard to position held or length of service of employees concerned

  7. take appropriate disciplinary and legal action in all cases, where justified

  8. review systems and procedures to prevent similar fraud should a fraud occur

  9. ensure that anti-fraud considerations are built into tendering and sub-contracting processes.



Operations Directors/Managers & Other Contract Manager Responsibilities


  1. ensuring that all staff are familiar with the Anti-fraud, Bribery and Corruption Policy

  2. identifying the risks involved in the contracts for which they are responsible

  3. developing the local control systems necessary to prevent and detect fraud

  4. reviewing and testing regularly the control systems for which they are responsible to ensure they are operating effectively

  5. ensuring that staff have received appropriate training on control systems and that controls are complied with

  6. notifying the Company Risk Officer when any case of suspected fraud is reported to them

  7. ensuring that delivery partners and sub-contractors have an anti-fraud policy and procedures in place and meet the contractual requirements relating to the prevention of fraud and dealing with suspected incidents of fraud

  8. assist sub-contractors in developing appropriate controls systems to prevent and detect fraud if appropriate

  9. ensuring that the staff of any sub-contractors involved in the delivery of a BioSpectrum Ltd contract, are aware of anti-fraud policies and procedures

  10. ensuring that audits of contracts with sub-contractors include compliance with anti-fraud policies and procedures.


All Staff Members are responsible for:


  1. being alert to the possibility of fraud and taking special care if unusual events or transactions occur

  2. reporting details immediately if they suspect that fraud is taking/has taken place or if they see any suspicious acts or events (see procedure below)

  3. co-operating fully with any internal checks, reviews or investigations

  4. co-operating fully with audit or investigation by external bodies such as HM Revenue and Customs and contracting bodies who may invoke their right to conduct audits as set out in the contract between the contracting body and BioSpectrum Ltd.


Conflicts of Interest


Employees are required to fully disclose any situation in which his or her personal interests may conflict with those of the company.


Any employee who is or might be influenced by personal considerations which may hinder objective decision-making must seek advice from an appropriate senior manager. The Procurement of Supplies & Services Policy & Framework refers.


Gifts and Hospitality


Employees and their families must not accept, directly or indirectly, any money, gifts or hospitality which could influence or appear to influence decisions they make on behalf of the company. Staff responsible for the purchase of supplies, equipment or services must take particular care to ensure that there can be no criticism that unequal treatment has been given to suppliers involved in tendering processes, through the acceptance of gifts or other benefits.


Employees who are offered a gift as an inducement for preferential treatment must decline or return it as appropriate, with a suitably courteous letter explaining company policy.


Employees should not give any gift or hospitality with the expectation that they and/or the company will benefit from it, since this may constitute a bribe.

The acceptance and/or offer of small gifts and/or casual hospitality such as business lunches, dinners or invitations to events, is acceptable within reasonable grounds, as long as it is a normal and appropriate expression of business courtesy and that the recipient is not placed under any obligation.


If a member of staff is in any doubt as to the propriety of giving or receiving any gift or hospitality, then he/she must consult his/her line manager. The Procurement of Supplies & Services Policy & Framework refers.


Corruption and National or Local Government Officials


Contacts with and/or gifts to or from national or local government officials can be particularly sensitive. Employees must not offer or provide, either directly or indirectly, any pecuniary or other advantage to or for a public or corporate official in order to obtain or retain business or secure any improper business advantage. Any employee who is asked by a government or corporate official to circumvent these rules must immediately report the matter to the Managing Director.


Political Contributions


Employees should not make any contributions to either individual politicians or political parties to secure political or commercial influence on behalf of the company. (This does not preclude private donations to political parties made by individual employees which otherwise would be lawful).

Anti - Fraud Arrangements with Sub-Contractors/ Delivery Partners


BioSpectrum Ltd expects its sub-contractors and delivery partners to maintain high standards of conduct and probity and to have in place anti-fraud processes like those of BioSpectrum. All BioSpectrum’s sub-contractors should therefore be required to:


  1. have in place anti-fraud and confidential disclosure (‘whistleblowing’) policies and procedures

  2. immediately report any case of suspected fraudulent activity by its employees to the BioSpectrum Operations Director responsible for the contract, who will then initiate an investigation following the procedures outlined in this policy

  3. immediately suspend any member of staff who is suspected of fraud

  4. ensure that all its employees are informed about and have access to its anti-fraud and confidential disclosure (‘whistleblowing’) policies.


Where necessary, BioSpectrum will assist providers in developing appropriate control systems to prevent and detect fraud when appropriate. Where a potential sub-contractor is judged to have inadequate processes and is unwilling to commit to BioSpectrum standards, BioSpectrum will not proceed to contract with that provider.


Reporting a Suspicion of Fraud


Fraud may be discovered in a number of ways, including the following:


  1. Through planned audit work

  2. Through the operation of management and control procedures

  3. A concern may be raised by a member of the public

  4. A concern may be raised by an employee.


Staff are encouraged to report any suspicion of fraud, bribery or corruption or any other form of malpractice. The Confidential Disclosure (‘Whistleblowing’) Policy makes clear that staff can report suspicions confidentially and without fear of victimisation or subsequent discrimination or disadvantage, whatever the outcome of an investigation.

Communication and Training


This policy is communicated to all staff via the normal company channels, including Prospectus and the company intranet and is introduced to all new staff at induction.



Internal Controls and Audit


Internal control systems are subject to regular audits to provide assurance that they are effective in countering fraud, bribery and corruption.


The company’s external auditors review the internal financial control systems on an annual basis as part of their statutory audit. Any control issues arising or recommendations for improvement are set out in the Key Issues Memorandum which is presented by the external auditors to the Audit Committee.


Internal audits of the company’s financial controls are carried out periodically by senior members of the finance team and the Company Risk Officer who are not directly involved in the area being reviewed.

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